Carlo Carrà is one of the most influential Italian painters of the first half of the 20th century. In 1909 he met the poet Filippo Marinetti and the artist Umberto Boccioni, who converted him to Futurism. With the advent of World War I, he soon began to paint in a style of greatly simplified realism. Carrà’s new style was crystallized in 1917 when he met the painter Giorgio de Chirico, they called it pittura metafisica.Throughout the 1920s and ’30s, he painted figurative works based on the monumental realism of the 15th-century Italian painter Masaccio. Through his many years of teaching at the Milan Art Academy, he greatly influenced the course of Italian art.