Born as Max Ihlenfeldt in Berlin, Massimo Campigli grew up in Florence and moved to Milan in 1909 where he encountered the Futurists while working as a journalist. After his release as a prisoner of war during World War I, Campigli moved to Paris and began painting. He frequently exhibited aligning himself with Novecento artists. It was not until 1928, however, when Campigli realized his distinctive style through a pivotal discovery of Etruscan art at the Roman Villa Giulia. These works were well received in Paris and Milan galleries with a series of international solo exhibitions and large-scale commissions during the 1930s. In 1948, Campigli had a solo exhibition at the Venice Biennial and was honoured with a retrospective in 1967 at the Palazzo Reale in Milan. Today his works are presented internationally in public and private institution.